Critics say that many women are still unaware that they are pregnant after the first six weeks of pregnancy, a new deadline set by the US state.
It is the most restrictive abortion law in the United States. This Friday, the governor of Iowa, the central state of the country, passed a law prohibiting abortions as soon as heartbeats are detected, which is possible as early as the sixth week of pregnancy.
It is in addition to numerous laws passed in the most conservative states of the United States to restrict the right to abortion as much as possible.
Decision of the Supreme Court
Critics of the text, which includes exceptions for victims of rape and incest, blame it for the fact that many women are not yet aware that they are pregnant at such an early stage of pregnancy.
Nevertheless, the promulgation of this law promises a great battle before the courts, until the Supreme Court. Indeed, supporters of this anti-abortion law would welcome the extension of this new measure to the national level and are counting on the inclination of a somewhat conservative court to overturn the 1973 ruling (which legalized abortion in the country).
Opponents of abortion now see Donald Trump as an ally: he was the first American president to speak out from the White House in support of their annual “March for Life” in Washington last January.
A national debate
Abortion was legalized in the United States in the early 1970s, but the debate on the subject remains intense, and there are deep divisions between the “pro-life” (anti-abortion) and the “pro-choice” who defend this right.
Can Donald Trump ban abortion in the United States?
Donald Trump alone cannot abolish the aforementioned Supreme Court rulings.
However, it can influence the latter. Indeed, in February 2016, one of the 9 judges of the American Supreme Court, Antonin Scalia, died.
Barack Obama tried to appoint a new judge before the end of his term, but Republicans, a majority in the Senate, opposed him in the hope of winning the presidential elections and appointing him themselves.
The appointment of a new Supreme Court judge could change that.
This has now been done: following his election, Donald Trump proposed appointing Neil Gorsuch, known to be very conservative and notoriously anti-choice.
This appointment was validated by the Senate on April 7, 2017, thanks to the “nuclear rule” explained by Le Guardian:
“The Senate is divided into 52 Republican and 48 Democratic members.
If the Republicans fail to assemble a bi-partisan coalition that includes at least eight Democrats to allow the nomination vote, they could decide to unilaterally change the nomination rules and eliminate the necessary 60-vote barrier. »
The Court is now leaning in the conservative and anti-choice direction, which raises fears of going backward.
Is it possible not to prohibit abortion legally, but that it is still impossible to use it in practice?
Yes, and this is the strategy that has already been developing for a few years in the states governed by the Republicans.